How do climate and macroeconomic factors affect the profitability of the energy sector?


This research identifies the significant relationships between climate and macroeconomic variables with the financial profitability (ROA) of energy sector companies in Germany, Norway, France and Spain. We work under the hypothesis of the existence of non-linear relationships for which we fit a Generalized Additive Model (GAM) for each country. We find that macroeconomic variables are often considered more important for modeling profitability than climate variables. This is because general economic conditions, such as interest rates and commodity prices, can have a broader and deeper impact on a firm’s financial performance than local climate variations. However, climatic conditions are relevant if the specific industry consists of renewable energy companies. The results of this study can be very useful for financial analysts and investors, as they can adjust their business strategies to improve their financial performance.



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This article is the third publication of our research work on asset and liability management. The main objective was to identify the relation between climate and macroeconomics factors on the profitability.

A pleasure to work with this team

Orlando Joaqui Barandica
Orlando Joaqui Barandica
PhD(C) in Industrial Engineering

My research interests include energy markets, asset and liability management, quantitative finance, applied econometrics and statistical, and data visualization.